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110 

Bibliographical Notes on well known Plants.— VIII. 
By Edward L. Greene. 

Gleditschia inermis, Mill. Diet. ed. 8 (1768.) 
Gleditschia triacanthos, ft Linn. Sp. 1057 (1753) 
Gleditschia aquatica, Marsh. Arb. 54 (1785.) 
Gleditschia Carolinensis, Lam. Encycl. ii. 465 (1786.) 
Gleditschia monosperma, Walt. Carol. 254(1788.) 
Acacia Abruce folio triacanthos, capsula ovali unicum. semen 
claudente, Catesb. Carol, i. 43 (1741.) 

In last November's issue of the Bulletin I had the pleasure 
of exhibiting what I then understood to be Humphry Marshall's 
right of earliest authorship in the specific name of this southern 
honey locust, as being three years earlier than that imposed by 
Walter and commonly accepted as the correct one. It did not 
occur to me at the time to look up authors intermediate between 
Linnaeus and Marshall, to whom the tree might have been 
known ; and now, in pondering some of the pages of that monu- 
mental work, the eighth edition of Philip Miller's Gardener's 
Dictionary, I discover to my amazement that that renowned 
author knew both species of Gleditschia, and that to him belongs 
the honor of having given a specific name, under the Linnsean 
law, to the one-seeded species. Marshall's name has but three 
years of priority over that of Walter, but Miller's is seventeen 
years earlier than that of Marshall ! 

Hesperochiron nanus (Lindl.) 

Nicotiana nana, Lindl., Bot. Reg. x., t. 833 (1824.) 
Ourisia Californica, Benth., PI. Hartw., 327 (1849.) 
Hesperochiron Calif ornicus, S. Watson, Bot. King, 281, t. 30 
(1871.) 

The late Mr. Bentham in publishing his Ourisia Californica, 
did not identify it with Lindley's Nicotiana nana. Until long 
after the year 1849 that was believed to be truly a Nicotiana. 
The occasion of raising the species to the rank of a new generic 
type was the best time to have taken up the old specific name ; 
but it does not appear to have been then known or suspected 



Ill 

that this was really Lindley's supposed dwarf tobacco ; although 
this might have been inferred from a glance at the figure in the 
Botanical Register, by any one who had seen the plant growing. 
The ordinal place for the genus should not be considered as 
settled. Eminent systematists have believed it to be of the 
Solanaceae, of the Gentianaceae and of the Hydrophyllaceae. The 
very first impressions, like first glances at doubtful words in a 
piece of bad handwriting, are very apt to be correct in cases of 
this kind. And Mr. Lindley recorded that the envelope which 
held the seeds from which the plants were raised in the garden 
of the Horticultural Society in 1823, bore the statement that it 
was from this plant that the Indians prepared the finest of their 
tobacco. Hesperochiron, alive or dead, looks Solanaceous enough, 
and if it be true, and we have no reason to doubt it, that the 
Indians used it for tobacco, this would go far to indicate that 
with the Solanaceae are its affinities. 

Cryptogamia versus Heterophyta. 
The term Anthophyta, as an equivalent and substitute for 
the Linnsean Phaenogamia (or Phanerogamia), seems likely to 
come into general use in the near future. Its adoption will make 
necessary a corresponding word to designate collectively the 
Pteridophyta, Bryophyta and other plants heretofore included 
under the name Cryptogamia. I suggest for this purpose the 
term Heterophyta, which seems to me simple, convenient and 
significant, and exactly in accordance with the previous terms of 
the series and with the genius of the language. It is so appro- 
priate, in fact, that I shall not be surprised to learn that it has 
already been proposed. E. E. STERNS. 

A New Variety of Erythronium, L. 

Erythronium albidum, Nutt., var. COLOR ATUM, n. var. Pink 
Dog-tooth Violet. Sepals white, more or less suffused with rose 
purple, varying to bright red ; leaves more strongly mottled with 
green and brown than in the type. Shaded woods near streams, 
McLennan county, east central Texas; not rare; flowers in Feb- 
ruary. 

The suffusion of red extends even to the ripening capsule,